Volume 4 - 2024 - issue 1


1. The first record of Daldinia eschscholtzii on Phegopteris species from Northern Thailand

Authors: Gunarathne A, Bhunjun CS, Perera RH, Phukhamsakda C, Samarakoon M

Recieved: 05 November 2023, Accepted: 27 January 2024, Published: 31 January 2024

There is a scarcity of fungal documentation associated with seedless vascular plants, including ferns and club mosses. In our continuous investigations focused on identifying fungi associated with pteridophytes from northern Thailand, endophytic fungi were isolated from symptomless beach ferns. Within our cultures, a hyphomycetous fungus that exhibited nodulisporium-like branching patterns was identified. Mononematous conidiophores were observed in our isolate, with polyblastic conidiogenous cells. They were bearing hyaline to olivaceous, obovoid comparatively smaller conidia. We confirmed this fungus as Daldinia eschscholtzii using a combination of culture-induced asexual morphology and combined phylogenetic analysis of LSU, ITS, rpb2 and tub2 sequences. This discovery represents the first report of Daldinia eschscholtzii on Phegopteris species in Thailand.

Keywords: Basal vascular plants – Endophytes – Host record – Hypoxylaceae – Sordariomycetes

 

2. Pleurotoid (Basidiomycetes) from Laos and Thailand: A Review of their Taxonomy, Distribution, Cultivation, Nutrition and Bioactivities

Authors: Phonemany M, Niego AG, Thongklang N.

Recieved: 21 December 2024, Accepted: 18 March 2024, Published: 30 March 2024

Pleurotoid mushrooms are characterised by their fan-shape basidiomata with a stipe that can be present or absent. They exhibit a widespread distribution in many habitats worldwide. These mushrooms are diverse, and some species are edible and cultivable. Some cultivable varieties have drawn interest from local and international communities due to their potential culinary and economic value. Apart from their culinary uses, pleurotoid mushrooms have pharmacological properties and environmental significance. Some pleurotoid mushrooms produce bioactive compounds that can be used in medicine and biotechnology. The bioactive properties and culinary appeal of these mushrooms encourage their production, consumption, and various applications. In this current article, a comprehensive exploration of the distribution of pleurotoid mushrooms is carried out in Laos and Thailand, offering insight into their prevalence in these regions. It covers the diversity of pleurotoid species that have been recorded, some of which are popular culinary choices due to their unique taste profiles. This article reviews the importance of pleurotoid mushrooms by integrating knowedge on their distribution, cultivation, nutrition, and biological activity.

Keywords: basidiomycota – edible mushrooms – health benefits – medicinal properties.

 

About Fungal Biotec

Fungal Biotec publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, and other research which are relevant to fungal biotechnology. The official journal language is English.

All manuscripts will undergo peer review before acceptance. Fungal Biotec will publish each manuscript as quickly as possible following acceptance by the editors.





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